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Bone Grafting

How Bone Grafting Is Performed

In a bone grafting procedure, your oral surgeon will carefully lift the gums and apply a blend of bone material and growth factors to the targeted area requiring additional bone development. This bone material typically comprises small granules sourced either from your own bone or a tissue bank. After the material is placed, your surgeon will suture the gums to protect the treated area.

Bone grafts offer numerous advantages, including:

  1. Expanding the pool of candidates for dental implants, even in cases of insufficient initial bone volume.
  2. Mitigating the risk of long-term health issues associated with tooth loss or extraction.
  3. Significantly enhancing the aesthetic outcomes of restorative treatments, such as dental implants or crowns.

Types of Bone Grafting

Sinus Lift

Everyone has sinuses above their upper teeth on both sides of the nose. These sinuses are hollow, and the wall separating them from the upper molar roots is quite thin. In cases where upper molars need replacement with dental implants, it may be challenging to do so without affecting the sinuses or causing other complications. Oral surgeons can perform a bone graft between the sinus and the molars, creating space for the placement of a dental implant.

Ridge Expansion

In cases of significant bone resorption, the bony ridge that previously accommodated teeth may become insufficient for dental implant placement. Your surgeon can perform a procedure to divide the ridge bone and introduce bone grafting material, effectively expanding the ridge to create the necessary space for future implant placement.

Socket Preservation

Following a tooth extraction, the bone surrounding the empty socket can rapidly undergo resorption or loss. Socket preservation procedures are designed to counteract this bone loss, preserving the site for potential future implant placement. This approach is particularly beneficial if you’ve had a tooth extracted but don’t intend to immediately replace it with a dental implant.

Major Bone Grafting

Certain situations, such as facial injuries, tumor surgery sites, or congenital conditions, may necessitate extensive bone grafting to restore facial structure. In such cases, oral surgeons utilize bone harvested from another part of the patient’s body. Special membranes may also be employed to facilitate proper healing at the major bone graft site and encourage the regeneration of soft tissue.

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